Herb of the Year - Capsaicin
To see the previous post - here
This time I chose an heirloom variety of cayenne pepper, Capsicum annuum 'Long Thin Cayenne.' This is an american classic with a long thin shape sometimes known as Red Slim Cayenne or Long Narrow Cayenne. You can get the seed if you want to try it from Nichols Garden Nursery.
The pepper grows on a bush and can be 2 to 6 inches in length. They start out as a dark green fruit that will change to bright red, Long, thin and slightly wrinkled, the peppers can be used to dress up pickled vegetables or easily dried and ground.
While the species is quite tolerant of weather extremes it is especially productive in warm and dry climates and cannot survive in very cold conditions. They can be grown as perennials where temperatures remain between 60F and 85F all year round.
In the garden, they should be grown in full sun or light shade, planted 9-12 inches apart. If they are grown in pots, you can bring them indoors prior to the first frost, and continue enjoying the fruits through the Winter months. As a house plant they should be placed in full sun. Keep their soil evenly moist.
The pot with the seedlings should be placed in a sunny location where the temperature is consistently between 70F and 80F. Capsicum annuum seeds will not germinate if the plants are consistently exposed to temperatures below 55F.
For best results, it is important to make sure that the temperature of the newly planted seeds does not drop lower than 65 F.
Make sure your plant gets enough light. Total lack of light or insufficient lighting during germination will produce underdeveloped, scraggly looking capsicum transplants. Cayenne Long Thin will be ready to harvest in 75 days.
Avoid planting Capscium annuum in the same spot that potatoes or eggplant were previously grown.
Watering Rules: Water immediately after planting so that the soil settles down. Continue watering once a week to keep soil consistently damp until the emerging growth is visible. After germination, reduce watering to once every two weeks to prepare the plant for transplanting.